basic human needs food shelter

Food - The body needs calories and a variety of nutrients including protein, fat, and carbohydrates everyday to grow, function, and repair. Describe similarities and differences in the ways families meet basic human needs: Shelter, water, food, clothe. Subjects. What are the 7 basic human needs? 7 Basic Human Needs According To Maslowair.water.food.shelter.safety.sleep.clothing (in some cases).

Basic human needs food shelter -

According to Dr. Glasser, all behavior is purposeful. It is our best attempt at the time, given our current knowledge and skills, to meet one or more of our basic human needs, needs which evolved over time and have become part of our genetic structure. These needs are the general motivation for everything we do.

1. Survival - This need is a physiological need, which includes the need for food, shelter, and safety. Because we have genetic instructions to survive, not only as individuals but as a species, this includes the need to reproduce.

2. Love & Belonging - This need and the following three needs are psychological needs. The need to love and belong includes the need for relationships, social connections, to give and receive affection and to feel part of a group.

3. Power -To be powerful is to achieve, to be competent, to be skilled, to be recognized for our achievements and skill, to be listened to and have a sense of self worth.

4. Freedom - The need to be free is the need for independence, autonomy, to have choices and to be able to take control of the direction of one's life

5. Fun - The need for fun is the need to find pleasure, to play and to laugh. Should you doubt that this is as important as any of the others, imagine a life without hope of any enjoyment. Glasser links the need for fun to learning. All of the higher animals (dogs, dolphins, primates, etc.) play. As they play, they learn important life skills. Human beings are no different. It is true that "play is a child's work."

Characteristics of the Five Basic Needs:

  1. Universal
  2. Innate
  3. Overlapping
  4. Satisfied from moment to moment
  5. Conflict w/ Others' Needs
Источник: https://www.brucedavenport.com/basic-needs.html

What are the 3 basic social needs?

What are the 3 basic social needs?

As described in Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, our social needs are of the need for love and belonging. The need for love and belonging consists of a sense of connection, intimacy, trust, and friendship.

What are the social needs of human beings?

Social Needs: Belongingness, love, affection, intimacy, family, friends, relationships, etc. Esteem Needs: self-esteem, self-confidence, achievement, recognition, status, respect, etc. Cognitive needs: knowledge, meaning, understanding, etc.

What are the 5 human needs?

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation which states that five categories of human needs dictate an individual’s behavior. Those needs are physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs.

What are the 7 basic human needs?

The 7 Fundamental Human Needs

  • Safety and survival.
  • Understanding and growth.
  • Connection (love) and acceptance.
  • Contribution and creation.
  • Esteem, Identity, Significance.
  • Self-determination (Autonomy), Freedom, and Justice.
  • Self-fulfillment and self-transcendence.

What are the 8 universal needs of man?

Sufficient physical and mental health, food and water, safety and security, structure and belongingness, love and respect from others, and self-esteem, to be alive and to want to stay alive.

What are basic necessities of life?

A traditional list of immediate “basic needs” is food (including water), shelter and clothing. Many modern lists emphasize the minimum level of consumption of “basic needs” of not just food, water, clothing and shelter, but also sanitation, education, and healthcare.

What are the 3 needs of life?

We must have food, water, air, and shelter to survive. If any one of these basic needs is not met, then humans cannot survive.

What are the 4 basic needs of all living things?

Living things need need air, water, food and shelter to survive. There is a difference between needs and wants. Students will be able to identify the four things that organisms need to survive.

What are the 4 bare necessities of life?

Food, Water, Shelter and Clothing.

What are the 10 basic needs?

After surveying 660 villagers, and averaging the results, they end up with the following list:

  • a clean and beautiful environment.
  • an adequate supply of safe water.
  • minimum requirements of clothing.
  • a balanced diet.
  • simple housing.
  • basic health care.
  • communication facilities.
  • energy.

What are our basic needs answer?

Answer: The basic needs including water, food, shelter, and clothing. Many modern lists emphasized the minimum level of consumption of “basic needs ” of not just food ,water, shelter, and clothing but also sanitation, education and healthcare.

What are the 10 basic needs of a family?

What are the Basic and Essential Needs of a Modern Family?

  • Housing: One of the most important needs of a family is shelter, because every family needs a base.
  • Food:
  • Security:
  • Clothing:
  • Effective Communication:
  • Education:
  • Access to information technology:
  • Health:

What are the daily needs of a human?

7 Basic Human Needs According To Maslow

  • air.
  • water.
  • food.
  • shelter.
  • safety.
  • sleep.
  • clothing (in some cases)

What are human needs and wants?

The term ‘needs’ is defined as an individual’s basic requirement that must be fulfilled, in order to survive. Wants are described as the goods and services, which an individual like to have, as a part of his caprices. Needs are important for the human being to survive.

What’s the difference between need and want?

Answer Key. A need is something that is needed to survive. A want is something that an individual desires, but would be able to live without. A primary distinguishing feature of a need is that it is necessary to sustain life.

Is money a need or want?

Learning to balance income and expenses takes practice. Dollars spent on unnecessary items (wants) come at the expense of other things, i.e., necessities. Good money management skills are critical as young adults go off on their own.

What happens if human needs are not met?

At the bottom of the pyramid are the physiological (or basic) human needs that are required for survival: food, shelter, water, sleep, etc. If these requirements are not met, the body cannot continue to function.

What are the 7 hierarchy of needs?

Maslow organized human needs into a pyramid that includes (from lowest-level to highest-level) physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, and self-actualization needs. According to Maslow, one must satisfy lower-level needs before addressing needs that occur higher in the pyramid.

How do you meet love and belonging needs?

The most common ways people meet these needs are through:

  1. Friendships.
  2. Family time.
  3. Social activities.
  4. Romantic relationships.
  5. Community activities, projects, and events.

How do you get your needs met?

10 Ways to Get Your Needs Met

  1. If you want your partner to change, get good at making observations.
  2. Discuss the real behaviors that are affecting your relationship.
  3. Look at how you are feeling.
  4. Ask for what you need.
  5. Make a single request.
  6. Actively address the issue or let it go.

How do you know when your needs aren’t being met?

“If emotional needs aren’t being met, your partner may become distant, not being open in [their] communication,” Grayson says. “This may look like your partner ‘shutting you out. ‘” If you can’t get past the roadblock of not being able to have a conversation, trying couples therapy might be a healthy move.

How do you tell someone their needs aren’t being met?

Follow these steps to move your relationship forward and clarify what you need:

  1. Step 1: Identify your needs.
  2. Step 2: Communicate those needs clearly.
  3. Step 3: Provide a solution.
  4. Step 4: Designate a time to check in.
  5. Step 5: Remember you may need to look outside your relationship.

What are the emotional needs of a man?

What are the emotional needs of a man?

  • He needs you to tell him you’re proud of him. Men LIVE to make their woman proud.
  • He needs you to trust him with your heart. What does this mean?
  • He needs you to accept him for who he is.
  • He needs you to be into him.

What a woman needs from a man?

Women need men to show kindness, patience, understanding, empathy, and compassion. Regardless of the type of relationship, men and women should be considerate of each other’s feelings. Being supportive to the women in your life can do a world of good.

What are the emotional needs of a wife?

And almost all those I interviewed described one or more of only ten emotional needs as being most important to them (admiration, affection, intimate conversation, domestic support, family commitment, financial support, honesty and openness, physical attractiveness, recreational companionship and sexual fulfillment).

How do you satisfy a man emotionally?

And when it comes to the most important emotional needs of a spouse, men and women greatly differ from each other….The following highlights 5 most important emotional needs of a man:

  1. 1 Encouragement:
  2. 2 Appreciation and admiration:
  3. 3 A sense of sexual connection:
  4. 4 Ego:
  5. 5 Respect:

How can I satisfy a woman emotionally?

How to Emotionally Satisfy a Woman

  1. Domestic support. Share the responsibilities of running the household.
  2. Make love, not sex. Well, physical intimacy is not limited to just one goal!
  3. Downplay ogling. If you are out with her make sure all your attention is on her.
  4. Make her laugh.

What does a girl really want?

Compassion – shows her you’re capable of loving. A woman doesn’t only want a man to have love only for her, but a love for life, for living things. She wants a kind man, a man whom others will look up to, appreciate and admire. She wants a good man. She doesn’t see being good and compassionate as a weakness.

29/08/2020Manon WilcoxEducation

Источник: https://colors-newyork.com/what-are-the-3-basic-social-needs/

1.2B: Survival Needs

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To sustain human life, certain physiological needs include air, water, food, shelter, sanitation, touch, sleep and personal space.

Learning Objectives

  • Identify the eight minimal physiological requirements for survival

Key Points

  • While the development of tools, plumbing systems and food preservation have enabled modern man to live life with many creature comforts, the truth remains that the requirements for human survival are quite basic.
  • Physiological needs include air, water, food, shelter, sanitation, touch, sleep, and personal space.
  • As humans have evolved to interact in community settings, both hunting and gathering in groups, touch—as in a caring caress—is often considered a basic human survival need. In fact, empirical evidence has shown touch to be essential to the early growth and development of healthy humans.

Key Terms

  • survival: The fact or act of surviving; continued existence or life.

From the times of our first primate ancestors, innovation has progressed at a rapid clip. While the development of tools, plumbing systems and food preservation have enabled modern man to live life with many creature comforts, the truth remains that the requirements for human survival are quite basic. There are eight minimal physiological requirements for survival. These are: air, water, food, shelter, sanitation, sleep, space, and touch.

Survival Needs

  1. Air: Consisting of oxygen within a particular range of pressure, concentration, and purity is vital to survival.
  2. Water: Access to a safe, clean and adequate water supply is necessary for human survival.
  3. Food: Our food must be adequate in calorie and nutritional standards in order to sustain life.
  4. Shelter: Since exposure to cold and heat can lead to hypothermia or hyperthermia, shelter which offers protection from extremes of heat, cold, intense sun, and prolonged precipitation is a human survival need.
  5. Sanitation: Proper means for the removal of human waste helps protect from deadly toxins and pathogens and is critical in promoting human survival.
  6. Sleep: Seven to eight hours of uninterrupted sleep each night is optimal for human survival.
  7. Space: As humans, we require personal space. In addition to the requirement for shelter, or suitable indoor living space, humans need outdoor space, to avoid overcrowding and chaos.
  8. Touch: As humans have evolved to interact in community settings, both hunting and gathering in groups, touch—as in a caress—is often considered a basic human survival need. In fact, empirical evidence has shown that touch is essential for the early growth and development of healthy humans.

image

A Child Sleeping: Adequate sleep is necessary to sustain life.

Источник: https://med.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Anatomy_and_Physiology/Book%3A_Anatomy_and_Physiology_(Boundless)/1%3A_Introduction_to_Anatomy_and_Physiology/1.2%3A_Life/1.2B%3A_Survival_Needs

Welcome to Food and Shelter

Imagine looking out your office window and seeing men, women and children pulling food out of your trash because they are starving.  Imagine families with no place to call home and children who cannot enroll in school because they have no address.  In 1983, these are the things that inspired our founders to find a solution to homelessness and hunger.  Food and Shelter started as a once-per-week lunch for people who were homeless and has since grown to be a fully operational soup kitchen and shelter program.

For over 30 years, Food and Shelter has been feeding women, children and men who are hungry and housing families in crisis.  Food and Shelter are core components of our services and something we believe to be basic human rights of every individual in our community.  We serve the most indigent residents of our community many of which live on little to no income.

Our food program, funded by United Way of Norman, is second to none in Cleveland County.  Hundreds of women, children and men rely on Food and Shelter for their daily nutrition.  We serve breakfast and lunch 7 days per week to any person who is hungry.  On average we serve 250 meals per day.  In 2018 alone, we served over 180,000 meals.  On top of this, we provide food baskets to hungry families who may have to choose between buying food and paying rent.  Food is a necessity, not a privilege.  

The shelter component of Food and Shelter is a multi-faceted program.  We provide short term, long-term and supportive housing for individuals and families who are homeless.  We own and operate a transitional housing program where families with children can live for up to 2 years with the care and support of a case manager to empower and encourage them to build stronger, healthier families.  We provide housing for medically vulnerable, chronically homeless single individuals with the support of a case manager to ensure they maintain stable, healthy lifestyles.  Because we do not have facilities for emergency shelter, we provide families who are homeless emergency placement through motel stays.  Our prevention program is a new and unique strategy in tackling homelessness.  By avoiding homelessness, we save our community money and reduce the trauma moms, dads and children experience with homelessness.

We recently expanded our campus with a completely new kitchen and dining room, additional office space and 32 beautifully crafted homes for women, children and men who are experiencing homelessness. It is a dream come true. Come visit the village and see what you can do to be a part of Food and Shelter.

Источник: http://www.foodandshelterinc.org/

Maslow's Hierarchy of Basic Needs


Around the world, people go about doing the same things in very different ways. Although the behaviours of races and cultures are different, the basic needs they are satisfying are very similar. Abraham Maslow is one psychologist who studied these needs.

A great deal of Maslow's work was devoted to how people got the best from themselves. He researched productive, well-balanced and happy people. Initially he studied the famous – like Lincoln- and later the non-famous. He found common characteristics throughout. These were a love of life, creativity, high energy, a sense of humour and good relationships in their lives. People with these characteristics are self-fulfilled. Maslow called them Self-actualised: that is, they are using their full potential.

Maslow found that all human beings have five levels of needs to be satisfied and Self-fulfilled people constantly get all five of these needs met. Maslow saw these needs in a hierarchy; a list of ideas, values or objects from the lowest to the highest.

LEVEL 1: Physical Survival Needs
The first and most basic of all needs are those to do with physical survival. This is the need for food, drink, shelter, sleep and oxygen. If a person cannot satisfy this basic survival need it dominates their interest and concern. A person who is cold, sick or hungry will not be very interested in socialising, learning or working.

LEVEL 2: Physical Safety Needs
Once the physical survival needs are met, a new set of needs emerges. The physical survival needs still exist, but having these needs satisfied regularly, a person becomes aware of the next level of human need – physical safety. This is the need to feel safe in the world: to feel safe from personal danger and threats; being deprived at Level 2 results in fear. When a person is fearful, all concentration goes to calming the fear with no thought for any other task. For a person to develop fully as a human being there must be some freedom from fear of personal attack, particularly in one's own home.

LEVEL 3: Love and Belonging Needs
Once the physical survival and safety needs are being regularly met, a need for love, affection and belonging begin to emerge. Level 3 needs result from the fact that human beings are sociable and need relationships with others. Maslow states: "The person … will hunger for affectionate relationships with people in general for a place in the group."
Some of these needs include:

  • Family or belonging – the need to belong to a group, family, religion, town or class.

  • Acceptance and understanding – the need to feel alright and to know that others accept you as you are.

  • Loving and affection – the need both to get and give love.

  • Intimacy – the need to share inner thoughts with others in close, caring ways.

People deprived at this level seem bored and joyless, even if they are doing well at their chosen tasks. They have feelings of loneliness, pain, sadness, separation and unworthiness.

LEVEL 4: Self-esteem Needs
With a few exceptions, people in our society have a need to feel of value and to count for something. This is called the need for esteem. It is a degree of self-respect and respect from others. Self-respect includes the need for confidence, achievement, independence and freedom. Respect from others includes recognition, attention and appreciation.

LEVEL 5: Self-fulfilled (Self-actualised)
If the first four needs are being met, a new one will probably develop: the need for self-fulfilment. This is to become more what a person can be: to develop all aspects – physical, social, emotional and spiritual. Among the characteristics of self-fulfilled people is awareness of living, completeness, joyfulness, unforgettable moments or periods of joy, unity and understanding.


Источник: https://www.theneurotypical.com/maslows_basic_needs.html
Categories, Reasons of Formation, Problems Faced

About the Authors:

Author: Srishti Singh is a Bachelor’s in Architecture currently pursuing Masters of Planning in Department of Regional Planning at School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi [2019-2021].

Co-Author: Harshita Khare is a Bachelor’s in planning currently pursuing Masters of Planning in Department of Transport Planning at School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi [2018-2020].

References

  • Aruma, E. O., 2017. ABRAHAM MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS AND ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS. International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability, 5(7), pp. 15-27.
  • Brinkerhoff, M. B., 1997. Basic Minimum Needs, Quality of Life and Selected Correlates: Explorations in Villages in Northern India. Springer, 1(42), p. 245–281.
  • Debroy, B., 2016. What do India’s citizens want?, Mumbai: European Council on Foreign Relations.
  • Gupta, R., 2014. India’s path from poverty to empowerment, Mumbai: Mckinsey and Company.
  • Institute, M. G., 2014. From poverty to empowerment: India’s imperative for jobs, growth and effective basic services, Mumbai: McKinsey & Company.
  • Rimmer, D., 1981. “Basic Needs” and the Origins of the Development Ethos. The Journal of Developing Areas, 15(2), pp. 215-238.
  • Streetan, P., 1981. Meeting Basic Human Needs in Developing Countries, Washington: World Bank.
  • Watson, D., 2014. Poverty and Basic Needs. Springer Science+Business Media, Volume 1, pp. 1-9.
  • C. Dhingra, (2014). The Indian Economy, pp. 198-200.
  • unicef.org/inida/
  • https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/01/India-biggest-future-three-challenges-consumption/
  • https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2011/09/22/india-urbanization
  • https://odi.org/en/publications/poverty-in-remote-rural-areas-in-india-pattern-processes-of-reproduction-and-policy-imperatives/
  • https://indians4sc.org/category/equality/poverty/
  • https://www.cprindia.org/

Related

Источник: https://planningtank.com/development-planning/revisiting-food-clothing-shelter-as-basic-necessities-for-survival

Aim:What are the 3 basic human needs? How did early people survive? Hw:System of ages handout Do Now: Write down which of these you think are examples.

Presentation on theme: "Aim:What are the 3 basic human needs? How did early people survive? Hw:System of ages handout Do Now: Write down which of these you think are examples."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aim:What are the 3 basic human needs? How did early people survive? Hw:System of ages handout Do Now: Write down which of these you think are examples of technology:A stone hammer, ipod, arrows, a knife, computers.

2 survive- to continue to live. technology- the use of skills or tools to improve a situation. (not just electronics!) hunter-gatherer-a person who moves from place to place while hunting animals and gathering plants for food.

3 3 Basic Human needs for survival 1.Food-including water 2.Shelter-like a cave, tent, hut, or house 3.Clothing-for protection from the weather or climate -These are the only needs that have to be met for a human to live.

4

5 Partner Work- Graphic Organizer How did early humans meet their basic needs? Food Shelter Clothing

6 Directions: As you and your partner p46 aloud together look for details or evidence about how early humans met the 3 basic needs. Each group has specific directions! -You may also want to look at the pictures on p42 to observe their clothing.

7 Independent Work Directions: Use your graphic organizer to write a paragraph explaining how early humans met their basic needs. Make sure to explain how all 3 were met. Paragraph starters: Early humans had 3 basic needs… Early humans met their 3 basic needs by…

8 Share out paragraphs -How are your basic needs met? How is this different from early humans?


Источник: https://slideplayer.com/slide/4671961/

Basic human needs food shelter -

1.2B: Survival Needs

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To sustain human life, certain physiological needs include air, water, food, shelter, sanitation, touch, sleep and personal space.

Learning Objectives

  • Identify the eight minimal physiological requirements for survival

Key Points

  • While the development of tools, plumbing systems and food preservation have enabled modern man to live life with many creature comforts, the truth remains that the requirements for human survival are quite basic.
  • Physiological needs include air, water, food, shelter, sanitation, touch, sleep, and personal space.
  • As humans have evolved to interact in community settings, both hunting and gathering in groups, touch—as in a caring caress—is often considered a basic human survival need. In fact, empirical evidence has shown touch to be essential to the early growth and development of healthy humans.

Key Terms

  • survival: The fact or act of surviving; continued existence or life.

From the times of our first primate ancestors, innovation has progressed at a rapid clip. While the development of tools, plumbing systems and food preservation have enabled modern man to live life with many creature comforts, the truth remains that the requirements for human survival are quite basic. There are eight minimal physiological requirements for survival. These are: air, water, food, shelter, sanitation, sleep, space, and touch.

Survival Needs

  1. Air: Consisting of oxygen within a particular range of pressure, concentration, and purity is vital to survival.
  2. Water: Access to a safe, clean and adequate water supply is necessary for human survival.
  3. Food: Our food must be adequate in calorie and nutritional standards in order to sustain life.
  4. Shelter: Since exposure to cold and heat can lead to hypothermia or hyperthermia, shelter which offers protection from extremes of heat, cold, intense sun, and prolonged precipitation is a human survival need.
  5. Sanitation: Proper means for the removal of human waste helps protect from deadly toxins and pathogens and is critical in promoting human survival.
  6. Sleep: Seven to eight hours of uninterrupted sleep each night is optimal for human survival.
  7. Space: As humans, we require personal space. In addition to the requirement for shelter, or suitable indoor living space, humans need outdoor space, to avoid overcrowding and chaos.
  8. Touch: As humans have evolved to interact in community settings, both hunting and gathering in groups, touch—as in a caress—is often considered a basic human survival need. In fact, empirical evidence has shown that touch is essential for the early growth and development of healthy humans.

image

A Child Sleeping: Adequate sleep is necessary to sustain life.

Источник: https://med.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Anatomy_and_Physiology/Book%3A_Anatomy_and_Physiology_(Boundless)/1%3A_Introduction_to_Anatomy_and_Physiology/1.2%3A_Life/1.2B%3A_Survival_Needs

Welcome to Food and Shelter

Imagine looking out your office window and seeing men, women and children pulling food out of your trash because they are starving.  Imagine families with no place to call home and children who cannot enroll in school because they have no address.  In 1983, these are the things that inspired our founders to find a solution to homelessness and hunger.  Food and Shelter started as a once-per-week lunch for people who were homeless and has since grown to be a fully operational soup kitchen and shelter program.

For over 30 years, Food and Shelter has been feeding women, children and men who are hungry and housing families in crisis.  Food and Shelter are core components of our services and something we believe to be basic human rights of every individual in our community.  We serve the most indigent residents of our community many of which live on little to no income.

Our food program, funded by United Way of Norman, is second to none in Cleveland County.  Hundreds of women, children and men rely on Food and Shelter for their daily nutrition.  We serve breakfast and lunch 7 days per week to any person who is hungry.  On average we serve 250 meals per day.  In 2018 alone, we served over 180,000 meals.  On top of this, we provide food baskets to hungry families who may have to choose between buying food and paying rent.  Food is a necessity, not a privilege.  

The shelter component of Food and Shelter is a multi-faceted program.  We provide short term, long-term and supportive housing for individuals and families who are homeless.  We own and operate a transitional housing program where families with children can live for up to 2 years with the care and support of a case manager to empower and encourage them to build stronger, healthier families.  We provide housing for medically vulnerable, chronically homeless single individuals with the support of a case manager to ensure they maintain stable, healthy lifestyles.  Because we do not have facilities for emergency shelter, we provide families who are homeless emergency placement through motel stays.  Our prevention program is a new and unique strategy in tackling homelessness.  By avoiding homelessness, we save our community money and reduce the trauma moms, dads and children experience with homelessness.

We recently expanded our campus with a completely new kitchen and dining room, additional office space and 32 beautifully crafted homes for women, children and men who are experiencing homelessness. It is a dream come true. Come visit the village and see what you can do to be a part of Food and Shelter.

Источник: http://www.foodandshelterinc.org/

Background

680 million Indians (56 percent of population) lack the means to meet their essential needs states a research done by McKinsey Global Institute in 2014. The Basic Needs Approach is an approach which helps in the measurement of absolute poverty and deprivation in underdeveloped and developing countries. This approach to development gives importance to meeting the essential needs of people. The definition of basic needs has been defined: they usually include the fulfilment of certain standards of nutrition (food and water) and the provision of health, education services and safety. They sometimes also cover tangible needs, such as shelter and clothing, and intangible needs such as employment, public participation rights and political liberty. Basic needs approach focuses on main indicators that are considered as parameters of well-being such as longevity, infant mortality rate, body mass index, educational accomplishments etc. McKinsey Global Institute has created the Empowerment Line, an analytical framework that determines the level of consumption required to fulfil eight basic needs—food, energy, housing, drinking water, sanitation, health care, education, and social security—at a level sufficient to achieve a decent standard of living rather than bare subsistence. (Gupta, 2014)

Average monthly expenditure of India

Figure 1 : Average monthly expenditure of India, Source: Mckinsey & Company

Related Articles:

  1. Planning and Informality in India
  2. Informal Sector in India
  3. Informal and Formal Settlements (Indian Context)
  4. Interpreting the “Sites of Entitlement” in informal India

An economic understanding observes increasing wages and faster growth as intermediaries for improved well-being. In any case, basic needs advocate argues that this depends firstly, on whether income is spent on satisfying essential needs where there are deficiencies or on luxuries that may ultimately have a harmful impact on well-being and secondly, on how income and the positive welfare benefits of increased income are distributed between and within different social groups. (Rimmer, 1981)

Lack of Basic facilities to people in India

Figure 2: Lack of Basic facilities to people in India, Source: Globalcitizen.org

Evolution of Basic Needs Approach

The Basic Needs Approach gained momentum in the late 1970s when it became a central organising principle for development work in the International Labour Organization World Employment Conference in 1976. This reflected concern that the benefits of economic growth and development in developing countries had not reached down to the poor in the way that liberal economic theory had predicted. India’s economic reforms started in the early 1990s, resulting in a decline in the official poverty ratio from 45 percent in 1994 to 37 percent in 2005 (Institute, 2014). The World Summit on Social Development and Millennium Development Goals use basic needs extensively considering well-being and it is reflected in MDG’s focus on survival, health, hunger, safe water and basic education.

Basic Needs Today

Earlier basic needs of the man were food, clothing and shelter but with the passage of time, education and healthcare became important, as they develop a person holistically. In today’s time quality of life has taken over just survival. Social Infrastructures are a person’s first priority as they are the ones that keep us healthy and provide security. Therefore, if needs are not satisfied in time, it may result in illness, inability in functioning or even death in extreme cases.

Interpretation of Basic Needs

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Figure 3: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Basic Needs before were different from today and will keep changing time to time. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a psychological theory comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often represented as hierarchical levels within a pyramid (Aruma, 2017). Needs that are lower down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before a person moves to needs higher up. From the bottom of the pyramid, the needs are physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self-actualization. Maslow (1943) initially stated that individuals must fulfil lower level deficit needs before going on to meet higher level needs.

Related Articles:

  1. Human Poverty Index (HPI)
  2. Causes of Urban Poverty
  3. What is a Slum?
  4. Definition and Identification of rural poverty in India

Scenario of India

India is a developing country and most of it remains outside the mainstream of growth and development. Out of its 676 districts, by any criterion, around 125 still remain deprived, and out of 600,000 villages, around 100,000 remain deprived (Debroy, 2016). In the 2011 census, 72 percent of the population was classified as rural and 28 percent as urban. But this categorization states the fact that, between 2001 and 2011, most urbanization has taken place in “census towns” – that is, the part of India that is between rural and urban.

Lack of facilities for vulnerable people especially women in India

Figure 4 : Lack of facilities for vulnerable people especially women in  India Source: blog.ipleaders.in

Around 100,000 villages in India have a population of less than 500, and it becomes difficult to deliver goods and provide services because the cost per unit of delivery is much higher (Debroy, 2016). The concept of “inclusive development” comes here, which focuses on equality in distribution of outcomes, including patterns of income. (Brinkerhoff, 1997)

Wall of Kindness in Maheshwar, Madhya Pradesh, India showing a way to fulfill the needs of people

Figure 5 : Wall of Kindness in Maheshwar, Madhya Pradesh, India showing a way to fulfill  the needs of people     Image Source: Srishti Singh

McKinsey Global Institute estimated the availability of basic services by compiling an Access Deprivation Score. Bihar had the highest level of deprivation with an ADS score of 62 percent (the average resident lacked access to 62 per cent of services) followed by Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Assam. Himachal Pradesh had the lowest access deprivation at 28 per cent followed by Punjab, Uttarakhand, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Such statistics shows that there is an urgent need to deal with this situation in India otherwise we may lack behind in various sectors in the world scenario.

New Approach towards Basic Needs apart from Food, Clothing and Shelter

Mental Health

Around 8,00,000 people suicide due to mental illnesses in the age group of 15-29 years in the world (WHO). Mental health is hugely under resourced phenomenon and poverty prevent people from accessing the few services that do exist. Poverty brings with it heightened stress, social exclusion, malnutrition, violence and trauma, all of which contribute to mental illness. People should be provided with support who are dealing with any issue related to mental health.

Lack of education – no opportunities

According to UNICEF, about 25% of children in India have no access to education. The number of children who dropped out of school is higher among girls than boys. Without education, the chance of finding a living wage from employment in India is difficult.

Children do not get enough food for survival

Figure 6 : Children do not get enough food for survival    Source: Asianage.com

Malnutrition – not even a bowl of rice a day

India ranks quite high when it comes to malnutrition: More than 200 million people don’t have sufficient access to food, including 61 million children. 7.8 million infants were found to have a birth weight of less than 2.5 kilograms – threatening figures for a country commonly referred to as the emerging market.  (www.unicef.org)

Child labour – no time to play and learn

Child Labour common activity witnessed in mines in Jharkhand, India

Figure 7 : Child Labour common activity witnessed in mines in Jharkhand, India  Source: aisatvnews.in

Although there is a law for child labour in India, according to official figures, 12.5 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 are working especially in minerals mines in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. Usually, in order to survive and earn a living it is believed that Indian children work and contribute to the livelihood of their families. They work in the field, in factories, in quarries, in private households etc.

Provision of Basic facilities – A solution

An Image portraying satisfaction among people

Figure 8 : An Image portraying satisfaction among people  Source:pristinepremixes.com

As world poverty expands and the gap between rich and poor widens, advocates increasingly support development policies designed to help the poor meet basic needs. Policies generally followed since the second World War have contributed to GNP growth but fail to reduce income inequalities and noticeably improve life for the poor.  (Watson, 2014)

At the same time rural residents must be encouraged to become self-reliant. Labor intensive public works projects must be emphasized and small business enterprises encouraged. Self-help groups should be promoted which would help women fulfill their needs. Medical education must be reoriented toward the needs of the poor. Similarly, if the educational goals of functional literacy for all citizens and universal primary education of all children are to be met, the educational institutions must commit themselves to the poor while continuing to meet urban demands for improved education. (Streetan, 1981) Rural development will necessitate the allocation of increased energy resources to rural areas. On the other hand, local community and individual participation, decision making, and innovation are posited as necessary ingredients for successful project outcome.

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    According to Dr. Glasser, all behavior is purposeful. It is our best attempt at the time, given our current knowledge and skills, to meet one or more of our basic human needs, needs which evolved over time and have become part of our genetic structure. These needs are the general motivation for everything we do.

    1. Survival - This need is a physiological need, which includes the need for food, shelter, and safety. Because we have genetic instructions to survive, not only as individuals but as a species, this includes the need to reproduce.

    2. Love & Belonging - This need and the following three needs are psychological needs. The need to love and belong includes the need for relationships, social connections, to give and receive affection and to feel part of a group.

    3. Power -To be powerful is to achieve, to be competent, to be skilled, to be recognized for our achievements and skill, to be listened to and have a sense of self worth.

    4. Freedom - The need to be free is the need for independence, autonomy, to have choices and to be able to take control of the direction of one's life

    5. Fun - The need for fun is the need to find pleasure, to play and to laugh. Should you doubt that this is as important as any of the others, imagine a life without hope of any enjoyment. Glasser links the need for fun to learning. All of the higher animals (dogs, dolphins, primates, etc.) play. As they play, they learn important life skills. Human beings are no different. It is true that "play is a child's work."

    Characteristics of the Five Basic Needs:

    1. Universal
    2. Innate
    3. Overlapping
    4. Satisfied from moment to moment
    5. Conflict w/ Others' Needs
    Источник: https://www.brucedavenport.com/basic-needs.html

    maslow-hierarchy-human-needs

    Abraham Maslow postulated that humans have an ascending order of needs and used a hierarchal pyramid to prioritize them. At the bottom levels of the pyramid are our physiological needs—like food, shelter, and clothing—that we need to survive. As these needs are met, progressively higher needs present themselves: safety and security, social interaction, and self-esteem, all topped by self-actualization, a term Maslow used to describe the ultimate human need to learn, grow, and reach one’s full potential.

    Physiological Needs

    These needs can be divided into two categories:

    1.The first category is made up of needs that are homeostatic—the need to maintain an internal, biological balance—and include such things as salt concentration, sugar concentration, and water concentration in the blood. If a substance is out of balance, there will be a desire to consume foods that bring these levels back into balance.

    2.The second category includes those needs that are not homeostatic, such as sleep and sex.

    Both of these categories are deeply rooted in the biological systems of the body. More importantly, if one were to strip a person of material possessions and psychological identity, physiological needs would be the primary driver of that person’s behavior. All actions would be directed at satisfying basic needs, and the person would seek an environment to satisfy these needs. Near a large bike rally, Wal-Mart noticed that for temperatures above 88 degrees, beer sales went down and water sales went up.

    In modern societies, it is rare for anyone to experience this level of physiological-driven motivation. It would be even rarer to find an individual who is completely dissatisfied for an extended duration of time.

    Safety Needs

    Once physiological needs are satisfied, safety needs emerge. These include the need for security and stability. If you were to strip someone of everything but his or her physiological needs, safety needs would become the primary motivator, but not with the same sense of urgency as physiological needs.

    As with physiological needs, modern society ensures that safety needs are sufficiently satisfied for the vast majority of adults. Safety needs occur on smaller scales and are seen in people’s desires for certainty: job stability and insurance policies—a general preference for the known over the unknown.

    Belongingness and Love Needs

    When physiological and safety needs are met, belonging needs emerge. These include the need for affection, relationships, and belongingness, as to a group. In daily life, people exhibit these needs in their desire to marry, have a family, be a part of a community, a member of a church, a brother in a fraternity, a member of a gang, or a member of a bowling club. Belonging is also a part of what they look for in a career.

    It is at this level that the support and social structure of modern society becomes insufficient to fulfill a person’s needs. Modern society shows its fragmentation in the breakdown of traditional groups. Increased mobility has left many feeling disconnected and unfulfilled. The importance of neighborhoods and families to an individual’s well-being has been overlooked. Moreover, there’s no indication this fragmentation is going to slow down. Maslow cited these unmet needs as being the primary cause for mental disorders. He commented, “We have largely forgotten our deep animal tendencies to herd, to flock, to join, to belong.” This need reveals why consumers choose to be part of brands that offer them connection and belonging, such as Jimmy Buffett’s Parrotheads or Harley-Davidson’s H.O.G.

    Esteem Needs

    Maslow divided the next level in the hierarchy into two categories: the need for esteem from others and the need for self-esteem. The need for esteem from others is met externally and includes the desire for status and dominance, while the need for self-esteem is met internally and includes the want of independence and mastery.

    Maslow believed the healthiest way to satisfy esteem needs was to have both internal and external esteem needs met as a result of a person’s authentic nature, so that any respect gained would be merited rather than derived from the presentation of a false self.

    Self-Actualization

    At the top of the hierarchy is the need for self-actualization. By this, Maslow meant the need to be what one has the potential to become. In Motivation and Personality, Maslow wrote, “Musicians must make music, artists must paint, poets must write if they are ultimately to be at peace with themselves. What humans can be they must be. They must be true to their own nature. This need we may call self-actualization … It refers to people’s desire for self-fulfillment, namely, the tendency for them to become actualized in what they are potentially.”

    At this level, the needs lower in the hierarchy are satisfied, and, therefore, cease to motivate the individual. However, the need for self-actualization cannot be satisfied, and any satisfaction that is gained only serves to further motivate the individual.

    Источник: https://cultbranding.com/ceo/maslows-hierarchy-of-human-needs/

    What are fundamental human needs? originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.

    Answer by Nicole Gravagna, PhD Neuroscientist, President of NeuroEQ, on Quora:

    When things get really tough in life, we have this deep urge to cut everything back to the bare essentials. Tiny houses, minimalism, less-is-more, back-to-basics - these are all strategies to make sure that we are getting our most basic needs met on a daily basis without getting distracted by the shiny objects in life.

    Abraham Maslow, a psychologist, defined a list of human needs that people now call the Hierarchy of Human Needs. He published this list in the 1940s, and it has become the utmost referenced list of human needs [1]. However, we’ve learned a lot about the human brain, body, and mind since that time and Maslow’s list could use an update.

    Maslow’s list includes many requirements that are not actually ingredients toward happiness. Instead, many of Maslow’s needs are descriptions of how people are when they are in a long-term state of contentedness. For example, self-esteem, a sense of security, a sense of belonging, and self-actualization are the side-effects of contentedness. They are not needs in their own right.

    A modern list of 6 human needs

    This list benefits from nearly 75 years of psychology, neuroscience, and sociology research beyond what was known when Maslow wrote his list.

    1. Food - The body needs calories and a variety of nutrients including protein, fat, and carbohydrates everyday to grow, function, and repair. Without food, the body begins to atrophy.
    2. Water - Ample hydration allows for the processes of the body to occur. Without water the body cannot process food or remove wastes.
    3. Shelter - We require protection from blazing sun, freezing temperatures, wind, and rain. Without shelter, human skin and organs are damaged from extreme temperatures.
    4. Sleep - 6–9 hours of sleep every 24 hours allows the brain to process new knowledge and deal with emotional information. Without ample sleep we cannot learn new things or get past emotional pain.
    5. Others - Adults require connection (physical or emotional) with other humans to release certain hormones like oxytocin. Human touch is so important that when we are young, our brains don’t develop correctly without it. Regular connection to others allows us to maintain a sense of well-being that allows for self-care.
    6. Novelty - Novelty creates the opportunity to learn and the potential to fail, which stimulates dopamine release in the brain. Without regular novelty, motivation wanes and a healthy sense of well-being is lost.

    These 6 needs, when met, allow for a person to develop the self-esteem, security, belonging, actualization, and the other expressions of contentedness that Maslow described. Maslow’s list came from what he saw in successful and happy people versus those who were not as contented or accomplished. He was the first to study contented humans. Prior to Maslow’s work, Psychology focused on people who were described as mentally ill.

    We now live in a world where coaching, therapy, and personal development is the norm. Psychology is expected to support all people in achieving their goals. This new modern list of needs assumes that if these 6 basic needs are met on a daily basis, that a person will have enough motivation, well-being, and physical stamina to seek out physical exercise, emotional stimulation, and creative expression as needed throughout their lives.

    Unfortunately, when people go for a long time without having all 6 of these needs met, it becomes difficult for them to begin to allow for these needs to be met. A person who doesn't get enough sleep will insist that they can do without. A person who has grown up without deep connection to others will insist that they prefer to live as a loner. Those who have deeply rutted routines will resist change when it is offered to them.

    It’s as though humans have a natural protective process that occurs when one of these 6 needs goes unfulfilled. We develop beliefs that we are special, somehow more capable than everyone else, because we can get along without having our needs fulfilled. The truth is that we are often in denial. Every single person on this planet needs food, water, shelter, sleep, others, and novelty on a regular basis to be their best selves.

    Footnotes

    [1]Maslow's hierarchy of needs - Wikipedia

    This questionoriginally appeared on Quora - the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. More questions:

    Источник: https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2018/02/05/six-fundamental-human-needs-we-need-to-meet-to-live-our-best-lives/

    What are the 3 basic social needs?

    What are the 3 basic social needs?

    As described in Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, our social needs are of the need for love and belonging. The need for love and belonging consists of a sense of connection, intimacy, trust, and friendship.

    What are the social needs of human beings?

    Social Needs: Belongingness, love, affection, intimacy, family, friends, relationships, etc. Esteem Needs: self-esteem, self-confidence, achievement, recognition, status, respect, etc. Cognitive needs: knowledge, meaning, understanding, etc.

    What are the 5 human needs?

    Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation which states that five categories of human needs dictate an individual’s behavior. Those needs are physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization needs.

    What are the 7 basic human needs?

    The 7 Fundamental Human Needs

    • Safety and survival.
    • Understanding and growth.
    • Connection (love) and acceptance.
    • Contribution and creation.
    • Esteem, Identity, Significance.
    • Self-determination (Autonomy), Freedom, and Justice.
    • Self-fulfillment and self-transcendence.

    What are the 8 universal needs of man?

    Sufficient physical and mental health, food and water, safety and security, structure and belongingness, love and respect from others, and self-esteem, to be alive and to want to stay alive.

    What are basic necessities of life?

    A traditional list of immediate “basic needs” is food (including water), shelter and clothing. Many modern lists emphasize the minimum level of consumption of “basic needs” of not just food, water, clothing and shelter, but also sanitation, education, and healthcare.

    What are the 3 needs of life?

    We must have food, water, air, and shelter to survive. If any one of these basic needs is not met, then humans cannot survive.

    What are the 4 basic needs of all living things?

    Living things need need air, water, food and shelter to survive. There is a difference between needs and wants. Students will be able to identify the four things that organisms need to survive.

    What are the 4 bare necessities of life?

    Food, Water, Shelter and Clothing.

    What are the 10 basic needs?

    After surveying 660 villagers, and averaging the results, they end up with the following list:

    • a clean and beautiful environment.
    • an adequate supply of safe water.
    • minimum requirements of clothing.
    • a balanced diet.
    • simple housing.
    • basic health care.
    • communication facilities.
    • energy.

    What are our basic needs answer?

    Answer: The basic needs including water, food, shelter, and clothing. Many modern lists emphasized the minimum level of consumption of “basic needs ” of not just food ,water, shelter, and clothing but also sanitation, education and healthcare.

    What are the 10 basic needs of a family?

    What are the Basic and Essential Needs of a Modern Family?

    • Housing: One of the most important needs of a family is shelter, because every family needs a base.
    • Food:
    • Security:
    • Clothing:
    • Effective Communication:
    • Education:
    • Access to information technology:
    • Health:

    What are the daily needs of a human?

    7 Basic Human Needs According To Maslow

    • air.
    • water.
    • food.
    • shelter.
    • safety.
    • sleep.
    • clothing (in some cases)

    What are human needs and wants?

    The term ‘needs’ is defined as an individual’s basic requirement that must be fulfilled, in order to survive. Wants are described as the goods and services, which an individual like to have, as a part of his caprices. Needs are important for the human being to survive.

    What’s the difference between need and want?

    Answer Key. A need is something that is needed to survive. A want is something that an individual desires, but would be able to live without. A primary distinguishing feature of a need is that it is necessary to sustain life.

    Is money a need or want?

    Learning to balance income and expenses takes practice. Dollars spent on unnecessary items (wants) come at the expense of other things, i.e., necessities. Good money management skills are critical as young adults go off on their own.

    What happens if human needs are not met?

    At the bottom of the pyramid are the physiological (or basic) human needs that are required for survival: food, shelter, water, sleep, etc. If these requirements are not met, the body cannot continue to function.

    What are the 7 hierarchy of needs?

    Maslow organized human needs into a pyramid that includes (from lowest-level to highest-level) physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, and self-actualization needs. According to Maslow, one must satisfy lower-level needs before addressing needs that occur higher in the pyramid.

    How do you meet love and belonging needs?

    The most common ways people meet these needs are through:

    1. Friendships.
    2. Family time.
    3. Social activities.
    4. Romantic relationships.
    5. Community activities, projects, and events.

    How do you get your needs met?

    10 Ways to Get Your Needs Met

    1. If you want your partner to change, get good at making observations.
    2. Discuss the real behaviors that are affecting your relationship.
    3. Look at how you are feeling.
    4. Ask for what you need.
    5. Make a single request.
    6. Actively address the issue or let it go.

    How do you know when your needs aren’t being met?

    “If emotional needs aren’t being met, your partner may become distant, not being open in [their] communication,” Grayson says. “This may look like your partner ‘shutting you out. ‘” If you can’t get past the roadblock of not being able to have a conversation, trying couples therapy might be a healthy move.

    How do you tell someone their needs aren’t being met?

    Follow these steps to move your relationship forward and clarify what you need:

    1. Step 1: Identify your needs.
    2. Step 2: Communicate those needs clearly.
    3. Step 3: Provide a solution.
    4. Step 4: Designate a time to check in.
    5. Step 5: Remember you may need to look outside your relationship.

    What are the emotional needs of a man?

    What are the emotional needs of a man?

    • He needs you to tell him you’re proud of him. Men LIVE to make their woman proud.
    • He needs you to trust him with your heart. What does this mean?
    • He needs you to accept him for who he is.
    • He needs you to be into him.

    What a woman needs from a man?

    Women need men to show kindness, patience, understanding, empathy, and compassion. Regardless of the type of relationship, men and women should be considerate of each other’s feelings. Being supportive to the women in your life can do a world of good.

    What are the emotional needs of a wife?

    And almost all those I interviewed described one or more of only ten emotional needs as being most important to them (admiration, affection, intimate conversation, domestic support, family commitment, financial support, honesty and openness, physical attractiveness, recreational companionship and sexual fulfillment).

    How do you satisfy a man emotionally?

    And when it comes to the most important emotional needs of a spouse, men and women greatly differ from each other….The following highlights 5 most important emotional needs of a man:

    1. 1 Encouragement:
    2. 2 Appreciation and admiration:
    3. 3 A sense of sexual connection:
    4. 4 Ego:
    5. 5 Respect:

    How can I satisfy a woman emotionally?

    How to Emotionally Satisfy a Woman

    1. Domestic support. Share the responsibilities of running the household.
    2. Make love, not sex. Well, physical intimacy is not limited to just one goal!
    3. Downplay ogling. If you are out with her make sure all your attention is on her.
    4. Make her laugh.

    What does a girl really want?

    Compassion – shows her you’re capable of loving. A woman doesn’t only want a man to have love only for her, but a love for life, for living things. She wants a kind man, a man whom others will look up to, appreciate and admire. She wants a good man. She doesn’t see being good and compassionate as a weakness.

    29/08/2020Manon WilcoxEducation

    Источник: https://colors-newyork.com/what-are-the-3-basic-social-needs/
    basic human needs food shelter

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