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Maybe you’re here for our Wealthsimple review because its slick ads featuring frank talk on finances from Hollywood actors, such as Mark Duplass and Aubrey Plaza, made you curious. Or maybe its highly relatable celebrity social media posts, like Queer Eye’s Jonathan Van Ness declaring his First Financial Principle—“I’m a girl who has to stop herself from shopping”—made you wonder about the online investing platform. Smart marketing aside, it’s worth knowing what can you do with your money at Wealthsimple and which, if any, of its products are right for you. Here’s what you need to know about investing with Wealthsimple, including its various product offerings and how it all works.

Open a Wealthsimple Invest account* >

Investing with Wealthsimple: A quick overview


  • Easy setup: It takes just a few minutes to create a Wealthsimple Invest* account. After inputting your personal information, including your social insurance number, you answer a survey about your finances and investing interest. Based on your answers, you are matched with one of three broad portfolio types based on your risk tolerance and investment timeline: conservative, balanced or growth. 
  • No minimum deposit: It is worth noting that while some of Wealthsimple Invest’s competitors require a minimum deposit of at least $1,000 when you sign up for a robo-investing account, you can create an account with no required minimum. If you invest $5, Wealthsimple will actually invest that $5 into the type of investment you want, from ETFs to RRSPs (but if you’re wondering how much money you should invest check this out.) For Wealthsimple Trade* the discount brokerage product, you can fund your account with as little as $1 (but note that you cannot purchase fractional shares, so you’ll need enough in your account to purchase at least one full unit of an ETF or stock within Wealthsimple Trade). 
  • Low fees: Wealthsimple Invest’s portfolio management fee is 0.5%, for the basic accounts of under $100,000, and it’s slightly cheaper at 0.4% for Wealthsimple Black, a premium service for clients with a total of $100,000 or more in their Wealthsimple accounts. With Wealthsimple Invest, you will also pay a low the management expense ratio (MER) starts as low as 0.2% annually on most ETFs. The fees are calculated on a daily basis for the annual amount; you will be charged monthly, though. If you’re managing your own investments using Wealthsimple Trade* (our in-depth review on this service here), there are no fees to purchase or trade using the online brokerage. 
  • Automatic rebalancing: Free when when you sign up with Wealthsimple Invest, automatic rebalancing monitors portfolios automatically, according to changes in the market, deposits/withdrawals, changes in your risk score, as well as changes in the ETFs.
  • Dividend reinvesting: With Wealthsimple Invest, your dividends are tracked and are automatically reinvested the day after they are received. They are used to rebalance your portfolio by purchasing toward the ETF that’s furthest from its strategic weight.
  • Account options: You have quite a few, including RRSPs (as well as spousal RRSPs), TFSA, RESP, LIRA, LIF, non-registered (personal or joint account with no limits), RRIF, cash (for saving and spending), as well as corporate account options.
  • Micro-investing options: With the Wealthsimple RoundUp feature, you link your debit and/or credit card to your Wealthsimple Invest account. Wealthsimple will round up the price of your everyday purchases, and deposit this “spare change” in your Wealthsimple Invest account.  
  • User experience: Both the app and the website are sleek and easy to wells fargo mortgage 800 number. You can track TFSA and RRSP accounts to ensure you don’t over-contribute to your registered accounts. ( won a Webby Award for Best Financial Services Website—twice.) 
  • Reputable brand: It is Canada’s largest robo-advisor, with more than $5 billion in assets under management, and 175,000 users. And Wealthsimple has been recognized as one of the top 100 Global Financial Technology Companies by Fintech 100 since 2016.
  • Passive investing: Wealthsimple advocates low-cost, passive investing using the power of ETFs. The principle of buy-and-hold has been advocated by the likes of Warren Buffet, and ETFs historically outperform actively managed mutual funds over the long term. Another thing about passive investing: because you lose less of your return to fees, that contributes to better net returns. 
  • They may cover transfer fees: Wealthsimple will reimburse administrative transfer fees on investments greater than $5,000 in value.
  • Socially responsible investing options: Both socially responsible and Halal investing are options you can choose. These can be a great fit for investors who want to buy with a good conscious or keep their money in line with Muslim beliefs.


  • Few human advisors: Access to connecting with human advisors is limited to those at least $100,000 in their Wealthsimple accounts. But if you have account questions, about your application for example, there is a help centre available during business hours.
  • Tax optimization: When you have a Wealthsimple Black account, your investments are tracked for losses and gains to help you use a strategy called tax-loss harvesting that can trim your capital gains tax bill.
  • Limited portfolio options: Invest, Wealthsimple’s robo-advisor, doesn’t offer as diverse of a range of portfolio options as some other robo-advisors, which may prove limiting for those who want a degree of portfolio customization.
  • No physical branches: Investors can’t meet with advisors in person. If you need to speak with (or email) a human, you can call during regular business hours or send a request to the Customer Success team via the help centre. 
  • Higher MER for SRIs: Fees charged on socially responsible investing options are noticeably higher and can hover to upwards of 0.4%, as compared to the 0.2% annual fees applied to other investments.

A Wealthsimple review for 2021: Invest, Trade and Cash

Now in its seventh year of operation, Wealthsimple has three main offerings. Here’s a look at each.

Wealthsimple Invest*

This robo-advisor service from Wealthsimple is ideal for novice investors, or those who are uneasy choosing their own investments, since it recommends a portfolio of low-fee investments for you.

Clients spend a few minutes answering questions online about their comfort level with risk, age and investment goals. Your answers determine what type of portfolio is recommended: Conservative, balanced or growth. There are also socially responsible investing (SRI) options, as well as Halal-appropriate portfolios.

You can put your portfolio into many different types of accounts, including registered, such as Registered Retirement Savings Accounts (RRSPs), Tax-Free Savings Accounts (TFSAs), Registered Education Savings Plan (RESPs), non-registered accounts and more.

In terms of cost, Wealthsimple Invest has two types of fees:

  1. An overall management fee, which is a percentage of the total amount of money you have invested. For clients with balances less than $100,000, that fee is 0.5%; balances of $100,000 or more are charged 0.4%.
  2. Each individual ETF has its own fee, which you’ll see referred to as the management expense ratio (MER). The MERs on Wealthsimple’s ETFs average about 0.2% (and a little higher for socially responsible investments, ranging from 0.25% to 0.4%).

So, depending on the size of your portfolio and the types of ETFs you have, the total fees could be around 0.6% to 0.7% (or 0.625% to 0.9% for SRIs). What does that look like in saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank terms? You’d pay about $350 in annual fees for a $50,000 portfolio (or $375 to $450 for a similar-sized SRI portfolio).

Open a Wealthsimple Invest account* >

Wealthsimple Trade*

For those who want to lower the costs of investing even further—and who are also interested in building their own portfolios with select ETFs and stocks—Wealthsimple’s discount brokerage service is an appealing option. That’s because all its ETF and stock purchases, sales and trades come free of charge. (You still pay the management fees, or MERs, on ETF holdings, as explained above.)

Clients make their transactions over a mobile app (there is no Web version) and can currently hold their portfolios in just three account types: personal (non-registered), TFSA or RRSP.

Investors are restricted to ETFs and stocks that are listed on the NYSE, NASDAQ, TSX or TSX-V exchanges.

There are other limitations as well: Stocks must be priced at a minimum of $0.50 per share and trade an average of at least 50,000 shares daily; and if an asset is a dual-listed security, meaning it’s on both a U.S. how much money the average american has in savings a Canadian exchange, only the Canadian-listed asset is available.

Open a Wealthsimple Trade account* >

From a cost perspective, though, free trades are hard to td credit card customer service number usa, given that other discount brokerages charge up to $10 a trade. If you’re wondering how Wealthsimple Trade* makes money without charging commissions, it says earnings come primarily from a 1.5% currency exchange fee charged on Canadian-to-U.S. dollar conversions (and vice-versa) that are necessary when trading U.S.-listed securities. In future, however, it plans to add premium services with additional fees.

Watch: MoneySense – Investing in Cryptocurrency

Wealthsimple Cash*

In a move that is presumably intended to make Wealthsimple a one-stop-shop for financial services, the company launched a no-fee hybrid savings and chequing account in January 2020. 

Like any good savings account, it offers a high interest rate (relative to the marketplace) of 0.50%, with no minimum deposit. And while most bank accounts limit the number of transactions you can make—or charge you for that privilege with fees—Wealthsimple Cash allows unlimited transactions with no fees of any kind (that’s no monthly account fees, no exchange fees on foreign transactions and no transaction fees.)

You can funnel your earnings into a Wealthsimple Cash* account through direct deposit, and then access the account online to make no-fee bill payments, Interac e-transfers, or move your money to a TFSA, RRSP or other investment account.

The account’s spending features, which should be rolled out over the next few months include a Wealthsimple Cash Card—a prepaid Visa card that will allow clients to make no-fee purchases using the cash in their accounts instantly, just like a debit card. Wealthsimple Cash will also reimburse clients for any ATM fees they are charged (to a set maximum) and will be compatible with Apple Pay and Google Pay.

As of January 1, 2021, deposits in a Wealthsimple Cash account are protected by the Canadian Insurance Deposit Corporation (CDIC). 

Open a Wealthsimple Cash account* >

What is Wealthsimple?

Wealthsimple is a Canadian financial services provider that offers a suite of online products. Wealthsimple Invest is a robo-advisor that offers beginners or investors who prefer to be hands-off a choice of investment portfolios to suit their risk tolerance and financial goals. Wealthsimple Trade * is a discount online brokerage, geared towards people who want to be hands-on with their investments. And Wealthsimple Cash is saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank newest addition—it’s a no-fee hybrid chequing and savings account.

You can contribute to a TFSA, RRSP and a few other kinds of registered accounts through Wealthsimple, as well as investing in non-registered investment accounts, and stash some of your cash in savings.

Who owns Wealthsimple? 

Millennial entrepreneur and self-described “boring investor” Michael Katchen launched Wealthsimple in September 2014 as a low-cost, low-effort approach to investing. Since then, CEO Katchen has seen his company transform from a humble Toronto startup to the largest online-only financial services company in Canada, with more than 150,000 clients, in excess of $5 billion in assets under management and international offices in New York and London.

Wealthsimple is primarily owned by Power Corporation of Canada, under the subsidiary Power Financial. The nearly 100-year-old international management and holding company has over $470 billion in assets, as well as Power Financial, IGM and Pargesa, focusing on insurance, retirement, wealth management and investment businesses, including a portfolio of alternative asset investment platforms. Described as a“Canadian financial giant,” Power Financial also has majority stakes in Great-West Lifeco and Portag3.

Who uses Wealthsimple?

Wealthsimple caters to the uninitiated millennial investor, with a reported 80% of its clients under the age of 45, and 40% of them being first-time investors. About a quarter of its clients are socially responsible investors, meaning they have money invested in Wealthsimple’s SRI portfolios, which support companies that prioritize environmental and social concerns and have a positive record on human rights and corruption.

Is Wealthsimple safe?

The short answer is: Yes. If you’re honest about your risk tolerance, then your money should be invested in a way that suits your needs. (And that’s the case with whatever investment service you choose.) Wealthsimple is built to cater to a wide set of clients, so if you don’t need that one-on-one care, but want a simple way to create and build a portfolio with little to no maintenance, then it could be for you. 

Another good thing to note: Wealthsimple is insured by the Canadian Investor Protection Fund (CPIF), meaning that if Wealthsimple goes out of business, your investments are protected. Wealthsimple is also affiliated with Canadian ShareOwner Investments and is a member of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada.

What can I do with my money at Wealthsimple*?

Wealthsimple is best known for its robo-advisor service, Wealthsimple Invest, which is a “set-it-and-forget-it” portfolio of low-fee exchange-traded funds (ETFs). In a nutshell, ETFs allow you to invest your money across an entire market—such as Canadian stocks, high yield bonds, real estate, etc.—instead of trying to pick and choose the winning companies in each market. In this way, Wealthsimple provides an easy solution for clients to diversify their portfolios and earn decent returns on their investments over the long term, with minimal risk.

The company has also recently branched out with a couple of new offerings: Wealthsimple Trade* a mobile-only discount brokerage service that allows DIY investors to purchase stocks and ETFs; and Wealthsimple Cash, a hybrid savings and chequing account that pays 0.50% interest.

(See above for how each of these services works—and how much they capital one gm business credit card, what’s not to like?

Wealthsimple clearly makes it easy to invest, trade and manage your cash, with no required minimum amounts, no transaction fees, no trading fees, a user-friendly website and human experts available to help at any time.

There are, however, a few considerations to keep in mind:

  • Investment options: Wealthsimple Invest clients are limited to the boilerplate portfolios that are chosen for them. If you want access to other ETFs, you’re out of luck. Similarly, Wealthsimple Trade* clients are limited to certain stocks and ETFs, without access to bonds, international equities, precious metals and many other asset types offered by other discount brokers.
  • Fees: While the $350 Wealthsimple Invest annual fee from our example above might not sound too bad, consider what happens once your portfolio is in six-figure territory. Even with the management fee drop to 0.4% for accounts over $100K, once you add in the ETF fees you’re looking at total fees of about 0.6% (or up to 0.8% for SRIs). That’s $600 to $800 in fees per $100,000 in investments per year. As for Wealthsimple Trade* the 1.5% currency conversion fee makes this brokerage service too costly for those who wish to invest in U.S. stocks and ETFs.
  • Account types: While other discount brokerages offer a full range of accounts, including RESPs, LIRAs, RIFs, LIFs, and margin accounts, Wealthsimple Trade* has only personal, TFSA and RRSP accounts.

Bottom line: should you use Wealthsimple*?

There’s no question that would-be investors who might otherwise endlessly procrastinate on setting up a portfolio will benefit big-time from Wealthsimple’s robo-advisor services. Investing in a broadly diversified portfolio of low-fee ETFs will always earn more than bank interest over the long term, and is a sure way to keep the purchasing power of your savings from being eroded by inflation.

Similarly, DIY investors who want to buy and trade ETFs and stocks will undoubtedly save money on fees with the commission-free Wealthsimple Trade* service.

On the other hand, Wealthsimple Invest clients with larger portfolios may want to consider otherrobo-advisors* that may offer lower fees, and DIY investors who want more options in the types of investments and accounts available to them should check out otherdiscount brokers*.

In terms of Wealthsimple Cash, the 0.50% interest rate is about as high as most financial institutions are offering right now (as a permanent, not promotional rate) on a savings account—and the unlimited transactions and no fees sound good. Of course, until the Cash Card becomes available, this account will really only appeal to true savers, not those who also want to withdraw and shop with their money.

What does the * mean?

If a link has an asterisk (*) at the end of it, that means it's an affiliate link and can sometimes result in a payment to MoneySense (owned by Ratehub Inc.) which helps our website stay free to our users. It's important to note that our editorial content will never be impacted by these links. We are committed to looking at all available products in the market, and where a product ranks in our article or whether or not it's included in the first place is never driven by compensation. For more details read our MoneySense Monetization policy.

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Even if you are new to investing, you may already know some of the most fundamental principles of sound investing. How did you learn them? Through ordinary, real-life experiences that have nothing to do with the stock market.

For example, have you ever noticed that street vendors often sell seemingly unrelated products - such as umbrellas and sunglasses? Initially, that may seem odd. After all, when would a person buy both items at the same time? Probably never - and that’s the point. Street vendors know that when it’s raining, it’s easier to sell umbrellas but harder to sell sunglasses. And when it’s sunny, the reverse is true. By selling both items - in other words, by diversifying the product line - the vendor can reduce the risk of losing money on any given day.

If that makes sense, you’ve got a great start on understanding asset allocation saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank diversification. This publication will cover those topics more fully and will also discuss the importance of rebalancing from time to time.

Let’s begin by looking at asset allocation.

Asset Allocation 101

Asset allocation involves dividing an investment portfolio among different asset categories, such as stocks, bonds, and cash. The process of determining which mix of assets to hold in your portfolio is a very personal one. The asset allocation that works best for you at any given point in your life will depend largely on your time horizon and your ability to tolerate risk.

Time Horizon

Your time horizon is the expected number of months, years, or decades you will be investing to achieve a particular financial goal. An investor with a longer time horizon may feel more comfortable taking on a riskier, or more volatile, investment because he or she can wait out slow economic cycles and the inevitable ups and downs of our markets. By contrast, an investor saving up for a teenager’s college education would likely take on saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank risk because he or she has a shorter time horizon.

Risk Tolerance

Risk tolerance is your ability and willingness to lose some or all of your original investment in exchange for greater oceanfront north carolina beach house rentals returns. An aggressive investor, or one with a high-risk tolerance, is more likely to risk losing money in order to get better results. A conservative investor, or one with a low-risk tolerance, tends to favor investments that will preserve his or her original investment. In the words of the famous saying, conservative investors keep a “bird in the hand,” while aggressive investors seek “two in the bush.”

Risk versus Reward

When it comes to investing, risk and reward are inextricably entwined. You’ve probably heard the phrase “no pain, no gain” - those words come close to summing up the relationship between risk and reward. Don’t let anyone tell you otherwise. All investments involve some degree of risk. If you intend to purchase securities - such as stocks, bonds, or mutual funds - it’s important that you understand before you invest that you could lose some or all of your money.

The reward for taking on risk is the potential for a greater investment return. If you have a financial goal with a long time horizon, you are likely to make more money by carefully investing in asset categories with greater risk, like stocks or bonds, rather than restricting your investments to assets with less risk, like cash equivalents. On the other hand, investing solely in cash investments may be appropriate for short-term financial goals.

Investment Choices

While the SEC cannot recommend any particular investment product, you should know that a vast array of investment products exists - including stocks and stock mutual funds, corporate and municipal bonds, bond mutual funds, lifecycle funds, exchange-traded funds, money market funds, and U.S. Treasury securities.

For many financial goals, investing in a mix of stocks, bonds, and cash can be a good strategy. Let’s take a closer look at the characteristics of the three major asset categories.


Stocks have historically had the greatest risk and highest returns among the three major asset categories. As an asset category, stocks are a portfolio’s “heavy hitter,” offering the greatest potential for growth. Stocks hit home runs, but also strike out. The volatility of stocks makes them a very risky investment in the short term. Large company stocks as a group, for example, have lost money on average about one out of every three years. And sometimes the losses have been quite dramatic. But investors that have been willing to ride out the volatile returns of stocks over long periods of time generally have been rewarded with strong positive returns.


Bonds are generally less volatile than stocks but offer more modest returns. As a result, an investor approaching a financial goal might increase his or her bond holdings relative to his or her stock holdings because the reduced risk of holding more bonds would be attractive to the investor despite their lower potential for growth. You should keep in mind that certain categories of bonds offer high returns similar to stocks. But these bonds, known as high-yield or junk bonds, also carry higher risk.


Cash and cash equivalents - such as savings deposits, certificates of deposit, treasury bills, money market deposit accounts, and money market funds - are the safest investments, but offer the lowest return of the three major asset categories. The chances of losing money on an investment in this asset category are generally extremely low. The federal government guarantees many investments in cash guardian savings bank ft thomas. Investment losses in non-guaranteed cash equivalents do occur, but infrequently. The principal concern for investors investing in cash equivalents is inflation risk. This is the risk that inflation will outpace and erode investment returns over time.

Stocks, bonds, and cash are the most common asset categories. These are the asset categories you would likely choose from when investing in a retirement savings program or a college savings plan. But other asset categories - including real estate, precious metals and other commodities, and private equity - also exist, and some investors may include these asset categories within a portfolio. Investments in these asset categories typically have category-specific risks. Before you make any investment, you should understand the risks of the investment and make sure the risks are appropriate for you.

Why Asset Allocation Is So Important

By including asset categories with investment returns that move up and down under different market conditions within a portfolio, an investor can protect against significant losses. Historically, the returns of the three major asset categories have not moved up and down at the same time. Market conditions that cause one asset category to do well often cause another asset category to have average or poor returns. By investing in more than one asset category, you’ll reduce the risk that you’ll lose money and your portfolio’s overall investment returns will have a smoother ride. If one asset category’s investment return falls, you’ll be in a position to counteract your losses in that asset category with better investment returns in another asset category.

The Magic of Diversification

The practice of spreading money among different investments to reduce risk is known as diversification. By picking the right group of investments, you may be able to limit your losses and reduce the fluctuations of investment returns without sacrificing too much potential gain.

In addition, asset allocation is important because it has a major impact on whether you will meet your financial goal. If you don’t include enough risk in your portfolio, your investments may not earn a large enough return to meet your goal. For example, if you are saving for a long-term goal, such as retirement or college, most financial experts agree that you will likely need to include at least some stock or stock mutual funds in your portfolio. On the other hand, if you include too much risk in your portfolio, the money for your goal may not be there when you need it. A portfolio heavily weighted in stock or stock mutual funds, for instance, would be inappropriate for a short-term goal, such as saving for a family’s summer vacation.

How to Get Started

Determining the appropriate asset allocation model for a financial goal is a complicated task. Basically, you’re trying to pick a mix of assets that has the highest probability of meeting your goal at a level of risk you can live with. As you get closer to meeting your goal, you’ll need to be able to adjust the mix of assets.

If you understand your time horizon and risk tolerance - and have some investing experience - you may feel comfortable creating your own asset allocation model. “How to” books on investing often discuss general “rules of thumb,” and various online resources can help you with your decision. For example, although the SEC cannot endorse any particular formula or methodology, the Iowa Public Employees Retirement System ( offers an online asset allocation calculator. In the end, you’ll be making a very personal choice. There is no single asset allocation model that is right for every financial goal. You’ll need to use the one that is right for you.

Some financial experts believe that determining your asset allocation is the most important decision that you’ll make with respect to your investments - that it’s even more important than the individual investments you buy. With that in mind, you may want to consider asking a financial professional to help you determine your initial asset allocation and suggest adjustments for the future. But before you hire anyone to help you with these enormously important decisions, be sure to do a thorough check of his or her credentials and disciplinary history.

The Connection Between Asset Allocation and Diversification

Diversification is a strategy that can be neatly summed up by the timeless adage, “don’t put all your eggs in one basket.” The strategy involves spreading your money among various investments in the hope that if one investment loses money, the other investments will more than make up for those losses.

Many investors use asset allocation as a way to diversify their investments among asset categories. But other investors deliberately do not. For example, investing entirely in stock, in the case of a twenty-five year-old investing for retirement, or investing entirely in cash equivalents, in the case of a family saving for the down payment on a house, might be reasonable asset allocation strategies under certain circumstances. But neither strategy attempts to reduce risk by holding different types of asset categories. So choosing an asset allocation model won’t necessarily diversify your portfolio. Whether your portfolio is diversified will depend on how you spread the money in your portfolio among different types of investments.

Diversification 101

A diversified portfolio should be diversified at two levels: between asset categories and within asset categories. So in addition to allocating your investments among stocks, bonds, cash equivalents, and possibly other asset categories, you’ll also need to spread out your investments within each asset category. The key is to identify investments in segments of each asset category that may perform differently under different market conditions.

One way of diversifying your investments within an asset category is to identify and invest in a wide range of companies and industry sectors. But the stock portion of your investment portfolio won’t be diversified, for example, if you only invest in only four or five individual stocks. You’ll need at least a dozen carefully selected individual stocks to be truly diversified.

Because achieving diversification can be so challenging, some investors may find it easier to diversify within each asset category through the ownership of mutual funds rather than through individual investments from each asset category. A mutual fund is a company that pools money from saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank investors and invests the money in stocks, bonds, and other financial instruments. Mutual funds make it easy for investors to own a small portion of many investments. A total stock market index fund, for example, owns stock in thousands of companies. That’s a lot of diversification for one investment!

Be aware, however, that a mutual fund investment doesn’t necessarily provide instant diversification, especially if the fund focuses on only one particular industry sector. If you invest in narrowly focused mutual can i exchange my gamestop gift card for cash, you may need to invest in more than one mutual fund to get the diversification you seek. Within asset categories, that may mean considering, for instance, large company stock funds as well as some small company and international stock funds. Between asset categories, that may mean considering stock funds, bond funds, and money market funds. Of course, as you add more investments to your portfolio, you’ll likely pay additional fees and expenses, which will, in turn, lower your investment returns. So you’ll need to consider these costs when deciding the best way to diversify your portfolio.

Options for One-Stop Shopping- Lifecycle Funds

To accommodate investors who prefer to use one investment to save for a particular investment goal, such as retirement, some mutual fund companies offer a product known as a “lifecycle fund.” A lifecycle fund is a diversified mutual fund that automatically shifts towards a more conservative mix of investments as it approaches a particular year in the future, known as its “target date.” A lifecycle fund investor picks a fund with the right target date based on his or her particular investment goal. The managers of the fund then make all decisions about asset allocation, diversification, and rebalancing. It’s easy to identify a lifecycle fund because its regions bank customer service hours will likely refer to its target date. For example, you might see lifecycle funds with names like “Portfolio 2015,” “Retirement Fund 2030,” or “Target 2045.”

Changing Your Asset Allocation

The most common reason north america bodies of water map changing your asset allocation is a change in your time horizon. In other words, as you get closer to your investment goal, you’ll likely need to change your asset allocation. For example, most people investing for retirement hold less stock and more bonds and cash equivalents as they get closer to retirement age. You may also need to change your asset allocation if there is a change in your risk tolerance, financial situation, or fifth 3rd bank phone number financial goal itself.

But savvy investors typically do not change their asset allocation based on the relative performance of asset categories - for example, increasing the proportion of stocks in one’s portfolio when the stock market is hot. Instead, that’s when they “rebalance” their portfolios.

Rebalancing 101

Rebalancing is bringing your portfolio back to your original asset allocation mix. This is necessary because over time some of your investments may become out of alignment with your investment goals. You’ll find that some of your investments will grow faster than others. By rebalancing, you’ll ensure that your portfolio does not overemphasize one or more asset categories, and you’ll return your portfolio to a comfortable level of risk.

For example, let’s say you determined that stock investments should represent 60% of your portfolio. But after a recent stock market increase, stock investments represent 80% of your portfolio. You’ll need to either sell some of your stock investments or purchase investments from an under-weighted asset category in order to reestablish your original asset allocation mix.

When you rebalance, you’ll also need to review the investments within each asset allocation category. If any of these investments are out of alignment with your investment goals, you’ll need to make changes to bring them back to their original allocation within the asset category.

There are basically three different ways you can rebalance your portfolio:

  1. You can sell off investments from over-weighted asset categories and use the proceeds to purchase investments for under-weighted asset categories.
  2. You can purchase new investments for under-weighted asset categories.
  3. If you are making continuous contributions to the portfolio, you can alter your contributions so that more investments go to under-weighted asset categories until your saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank is back into balance.

Before you rebalance your portfolio, you should consider whether the method of rebalancing you decide to use will trigger transaction fees or tax consequences. Your financial professional or tax adviser can help you identify ways that you can minimize these potential costs.

Stick with Your Plan:

Buy Low, Sell High - Shifting money away from an asset category when it is doing well in favor an asset category that is doing poorly may not be easy, but it can be a wise move. By cutting back on the current “winners” and adding more of the current so-called “losers,” rebalancing forces you to buy low and sell high.

When to Consider Rebalancing

You can rebalance your portfolio based either on the calendar or on your investments. Many financial experts recommend that investors rebalance their portfolios on a regular time interval, such as every six or twelve months. The advantage of this method is that the calendar is a reminder of when you should consider rebalancing.

Others recommend rebalancing only when the relative weight of an asset class increases or decreases more than a certain percentage that you’ve identified in advance. The advantage of this method is that your investments tell you when to rebalance. In either case, rebalancing tends to work best when done on a relatively infrequent basis.

Where to Find More Information

For more information on investing wisely and avoiding costly mistakes, please visit the Investor Information section of the SEC’s website. You also can learn more about several investment topics, including asset allocation, diversification and rebalancing in the context of saving for retirement by visiting FINRA’s Smart 401(k) Investing website as amazon full site as the Department of Labor’s Employee Benefits What is one of the key benefits to incinerating waste Administration website.

You can find out more about your risk tolerance by completing free online questionnaires available on numerous websites maintained by investment publications, mutual fund companies, and other financial professionals. Some of the websites will even estimate asset allocations based on responses to the questionnaires. While the suggested asset allocations may be a useful starting point for determining an appropriate allocation for a particular goal, investors should keep in mind that the results may be biased towards financial products or services sold by companies or individuals maintaining the websites.

Once you’ve started investing, you’ll typically have access to online resources that can help you manage your portfolio. The websites of many mutual fund companies, for example, give customers the ability to run a “portfolio analysis” of their investments. The results of a portfolio analysis can help you analyze your asset allocation, determine whether your investments are diversified, and decide whether you need to rebalance your portfolio.

* * *

Questions or Complaints?

We want to hear from you if you encounter a problem with a financial professional or have a complaint concerning a mutual fund or public company. Please send us your complaint using our online Complaint Center.

You can also reach us by regular mail at:

Securities and Exchange Commission
Office of Investor Education and Assistance
100 F Street, NE
Washington, DC 20549-0213

The Office of Investor Education and Advocacy has provided this information as a service to investors. It is neither a legal interpretation nor a statement of SEC policy. If you have questions concerning the meaning or application of a particular law or rule, please consult with an attorney who specializes in securities law.

Beginners-Guide-to-Asset-Allocation.pdf(770.92 KB)


My wife and I have recently sold an investment property and have a nice nest egg as a result.

We cannot decide what to do with this money: should we pay off our mortgage (which is a tracker on a low interest rate) or not? If not, we are not sure what we should do with the money. We are both risk averse, we have been burned in the past from investment in shares and funds, so we don’t want to invest in these again.

The money is currently sitting in a bank account, effectively losing value every day – our mortgage interest is far more than the interest our money is earning on deposit. What is your advice?

Mr T.O’S., email

This is one of those eternal headwreckers. You have cash in hand but any borrowings you have are relatively low cost. What to do? And the truth is that there is no black and white answer. It depends.on you.

The first rule of balancing your personal books is that you use any resources that come your way to pay off debt before investing in savings. Like most rules, it is pretty grey: we invest in pensions, for walmart eye center jacksonville nc, even while we owe money. And so we should as the tax benefit on pension savings is far higher than the benefit of paying off all but the most expensive forms of debt.

Still, as a general principle, it’s not a bad rule of thumb.

However, the second general principle of personal finance is that mortgage borrowings will, as a rule, always be the cheapest debt you incur. Mortgage rates on home loans are always lower than the interest rate on other borrowings, such as term loans for cars or home improvements, overdrafts or credit card debt.

Common sense says that you pay off more expensive debt – including any outstanding balances on credit cards – before entertaining the idea of paying off a mortgage.

And that’s even more true when you come to tracker mortgages. An old advertising campaign revolved around people’s lack of awareness about what a tracker was: precious few people are in the dark now after the tracker mortgage scandal where pretty much all of Ireland’s retail banks were involved in ripping off more than 40,000 homeowners by either denying them a the best credit union banks near me rate at all, or by cheating them with an incorrect, higher interest rate than the one that should have applied.

The reason they did this, of course, was that they found they were losing money on trackers and wanted to try to improve their profit margins. The fiasco cost the banks €710 million in payouts and well over €1 billion if you include their own administration costs.

So, a tracker mortgage is very much the cheapest money you will ever borrow and not something to easily give up.

Interest rate

You really have two decisions saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank make here: first, is it likely that you will incur borrowings for something else over the remaining lifetime of the mortgage? If so, you run the risk of losing access to your cheap mortgage funding by paying it off only to face a higher bill on a separate loan.

It would make sense in those circumstances to try to invest the proceeds of the investment property sale for use down the line rather than borrowing what will likely be a multiple of your tracker mortgage rates.

Term loans are currently charging from 6 per cent to about 14 per cent depending on who you borrow from, how much you need and over what term you intend to repay it.

But that brings us first aid supplies online the second part of the equation: where to invest?

And this brings us to the crux of the issue. Investment returns are at historic lows – or at least the returns on safe investments.

Demand deposit accounts are offering no return at present – 0.1 per cent per annum at best, and that’s before tax which will take a third of that miserly sum for Revenue.

Accounts that require you to give some notice before taking your money are little better, at 0.15 per cent before DIRT. And even a term deposit is giving you a return of just 0.3 per cent annually over three years and just under 1 per cent a year over five years – again before tax.

At least inflation is not an issue right now – it’s been running in negative numbers since the Covid crisis erupted – but it will return once the pandemic passes and will further eat into the value of your funds.

The best no-risk option right now is State savings through An Post. Five-year Saving Certificates offer the same 0.98 per cent annual equivalent rate of interest as the banks but there is no tax to pay. The 10-year National Solidarity Bond pays about 1.5 per cent a year over the full term.

At best, over the decade – assuming you can commit to keeping the money locked up – you might keep pace with inflation.

Risk averse

The truth is, of course, that returns are risk-related. The higher the risk, the higher the potential return. If you are not happy to entertain risk, you are going to be extremely limited in your options.

But, as you found out previously, if stock or unit funds move against you, you can quickly lose not just any gains but even some or all of your capital.

However, the nest egg for which you are examining options came from the sale of a residential investment property, so you clearly have some appetite for risk.

The question is how much. Do regions bank customer service hours prefer physical assets like property, art or precious metals over financial instruments?

All still carry risks. As any property investor over recent years knows, property prices move in cycles. Prices have risen in recent years since the financial crisis but they are only recovering lost ground.

The outlook is clouded by Covid and its economic fallout. With supply limited, property prices may well rise in the short term but the longer term outlook depends on many factors.

The same swings and uncertainties apply to art – a very particular niche – or precious metal, like gold, which is already trading at or close to highs.

How long you intend to invest for is another factor: longer term investment tends to allow time to smooth out slumps and peaks.

And speaking of longer term, it may make sense to use the money to boost your pension savings and benefit from the attendant tax relief.

The bottom line is that if you are reluctant to take a risk with this money, and you do not intend to borrow in the medium term for other projects, it might well make sense for you to pay down your home loan. As you say, you are currently paying more in interest even on your tracker home loan rate than you are receiving from the bank in interest on your savings.

But it might make sense to talk to a financial adviser first, someone who can talk you through the potential and the risks of various investment choices. As we enter a new, and hopefully less fraught, year, that would also allow you the opportunity to assess your wider financial position including retirement savings. Spring-cleaning your personal finances is never a bad idea.

Please send your queries to Dominic Coyle, Q&A, The Irish Times, 24-28 Tara Street, Dublin 2, or email [email protected] This column is how to create an online id for bank of america reader service and is not intended to replace professional advice. No personal correspondence will be entered into.


Disclaimer: The tax-saving instruments provided herein are restricted to certain investment avenues eligible under the Income Tax Act. Additional tax deductions/exemptions that one may avail of, such as EPF, HRA, LTA, fees paid for children's education, etc. have not been considered. Taxable income includes income from all sources less standard deductions. The deductions/exemptions mentioned here are available only to those taxpayers who opt for the Old Tax Regime. This calculator considers rates applicable to Indian resident individuals below the age of 60 years opting for the old tax regime as per FY19-20 & earning a total income of less than Rs. 50 Lakhs. The calculator does not consider tax rebates, reliefs and differential tax rates other than slab rates. If you have opted for the New Tax Regime you would be eligible only for deductions for investment in National Pension System. Tax payable may vary depending on the applicable tax slab. Investors are advised to consult their Tax Consultant with respect to specific amount of tax indicated.


TD offers $100 to boost your investing for your TFSA or RRSP

F'22 TD Investor Confidence Advice Program Terms & Conditions

Below are the terms and conditions that apply to the F'22 TD Investor Confidence Advice Program (the "Offer") by Personal Savings & Investing, as may also be referred to as TD Canada Trust or TD Investment Services Inc., as applicable ("Personal Savings & Investing").

1. Qualifying Plan(s):

A new personal or spousal TD Mutual Funds Retirement Savings Plan or a new personal TD Multi-Holding Retirement Savings Plan (the "New RSP").


A new TD Mutual Funds Tax-Free Savings Account or a new TD Multi-Holding Tax-Free Savings Account (the “New TFSA”).

The Award applies only to New RSPs or New TFSAs. The Award does not apply to any type of Locked-in RSP, including Locked-in Retirement Account (LIRA), Locked-in Registered Retirement Savings Plan (LRRSP) and Restricted Locked-in Savings Plan (RLSP). Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP), Retirement Income Fund (RIF), locked-in types of RIF, non-personal, U.S. dollar and non-registered accounts do not qualify.

2. Qualifying Products:
The hsa contribution benefits TD Mutual Funds (excluding U.S.-denominated units of such investments) offered through TD Investment Services Inc.:

  1. TD Retirement Conservative Portfolio
  2. TD Canadian Bond Fund
  3. TD Monthly Income Fund (CDN)
  4. TD Dividend Income Fund
  5. TD Dividend Growth Fund
  6. TD Canadian Money Market Fund
  7. TD Premium Money Market Fund
  8. TD Comfort Portfolios

3. Eligibility Requirements
A $100 award (the "Award") is available if:

  1. A New RSP or New TFSA, as defined above, is opened between November 1st, 2021 and January 31st, 2022 at 11:59 p.m., Eastern Standard Time (the "Campaign Offer Period");
  2. A Pre-Authorized Purchase Plan ("PPP") is set up in the New RSP or New TFSA with a minimum monthly tcf bank coon rapids location amount of $100 by January 31st, 2022 and invested into a Qualifying Product, as defined above;
  3. The first PPP transaction must occur no later than March 1st, 2022;
  4. The PPP is maintained in the New RSP or New TFSA until May 31st, 2022 (the number of PPPs and fund allocations may change);
  5. Including any amounts invested through the PPP, $1,500 overall is contributed or transferred-in to the New RSP or New TFSA and invested into a Qualifying Product on or before January 31st, 2022. The $1,500 must be maintained in the New RSP or New TFSA until May 31st, 2022;
  6. To facilitate the payment of the Award, the New RSP or New TFSA must remain open until June 30th, 2022.

4. Calculation of the Award

The Award will be calculated based on the aggregate total of all contributions and/or transfers-in to the New RSP or New TFSA and invested in the Qualifying Product(s) as of May 31st, 2022.

The book value of the contributions and/or transfers-in will be used saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank calculate the Award. For purposes of clarity, the book value will be determined based on the Qualifying Product(s) in the New RSP or New TFSA on May 31st, 2022.

5. Deposit of the Synchrony bank payment for ashley furniture For individuals with a New RSP, the Award will be paid on or before June 30th, 2022, as set out below:

  1. For a TD Mutual Funds Retirement Savings Plan: As an investment into the same series1 of the same mutual fund in the same proportion as set saving and investing unit multiple choice test bank in the Qualifying Product(s) amount in the New RSP.
  2. For a personal TD Multi-Holding Retirement Savings Plan: As a deposit into the cash portion of the TD Multi-Holding Retirement Savings Plan.

For a spousal New RSP, the Award will be paid into that plan and not paid to the contributor.

For individuals with a New TFSA, the Award will be paid on or before June 30th, 2022, as set out below

  1. For a TD Mutual Funds Tax-Free Savings Account: As an investment into the same series1 of the same mutual fund in the same proportion as set out in the Qualifying Product(s) investment amount in the New TFSA.
  2. For a TD Multi-Holding Tax-Free Savings Account: As a deposit into the cash portion of the TD Multi-Holding Tax-Free Savings Account.

6. Tax Implications

There may be tax implications associated with the Award. Clients should consult with their personal tax advisor for more information. No tax receipt will be issued for the Award. Clients are solely responsible for ensuring that no contribution to their New RSP or New TFSA exceeds their contribution limits under the applicable tax legislation.

7. Limitations and Exclusions

  1. For a New RSP, an individual is not eligible for the Award if they: (i) have a personal and/or spousal TD Mutual Funds Retirement Savings Plan and/or personal TD Multi-Holding Retirement Savings Plan; (ii) open a New RSP during the Campaign Offer Period in the same name; or (iii) had an existing personal and/or spousal TD Mutual Funds Retirement Savings Plan or personal TD Multi-Holding Retirement Savings Plan that was closed on or after October 31st 2021.
  2. For a New TFSA, an individual is not eligible for the Award if they: (i) have an existing TD Mutual Funds Tax-Free Savings Account or TD Multi-Holding Tax-Free Savings Account; (ii) open a New TFSA during the Campaign Offer Period in the same name; or (iii) had an existing TD Mutual Funds Tax-Free Savings Account or TD Multi-Holding Tax-Free Savings Account that was closed on or after October 31st 2021.
  3. The Offer under either a New RSP or New TFSA is limited to one Award per individual. An individual is eligible to receive the Award under this Offer in a either a New RSP or New TFSA and cannot receive the Award for both. If an individual becomes eligible for this Award under both a New RSP and a New TFSA, the Award will be paid into the New RSP, as set out above.
  4. Employees and family members of TD Bank Group employees are eligible for this Offer.
  5. For holders of a New RSP, monies cannot be transferred-in from a TD Wealth RSP² account or TD Canada Trust Retirement Savings Plan.
  6. For holders of a New TFSA, monies cannot be transferred-in from a TD Wealth TFSA² account or Canada Trust Tax-Free Savings Account.
  7. This Offer may be changed, extended or withdrawn at any time and without notice and cannot be used in conjunction with any other offer, other than as may be set out above.

8. Transfer Fees

Personal Savings & Investing will not reimburse transfer fees incurred by individuals who transfer funds from another financial institution.

9. Currency

All currency referenced above is in Canadian dollars.

10. Disclosures

1If the TD Mutual Fund(s) is no longer available for new purchases; the Award will be deposited into a Money Market Fund in the name of the customer.

2Refers to the TD Waterhouse Self-Directed RSP or the TD Waterhouse Tax-Free Savings Account

Commissions, trailing commissions, management fees and expenses all may be associated with mutual fund investments. Please read the fund facts and prospectus, which contain detailed investment information, before investing. Mutual funds are not covered by the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation or by any other government deposit insurer and are not guaranteed or insured. Their values change frequently. There can be no assurances that a money market fund will be able to maintain its net asset value per unit at a constant amount or that the full amount of your investment will be returned to you. Past performance may not be repeated.

TD Mutual Funds and the TD Managed Assets Program Portfolios are managed by TD Asset Management Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of The Toronto-Dominion Bank, and available through authorized dealers.

TD Bank Group means The Toronto-Dominion Bank and its affiliates, who provide deposit, investment, loan, securities, trust, insurance and other products or services.

Mutual Fund Representatives with TD Investment Services Inc. distribute mutual funds at TD Canada Trust.

® The TD logo and other trademarks are the property of The Toronto-Dominion Bank or its subsidiaries

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